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      當前位置:***頁 > 閱讀 > 英語閱讀

      學習外語有哪些好處?

      2018-10-13 21:56:08 來源:國外網 - 由國外網整理

      當你會說不止一種語言時,你看起來***聰明、***有創造姓和***有吸引力。我或近發現很***科學說法來解釋這種現象:

      1. You Develop Better Memory

      1.你擁有***好的記憶力

      Researchers have found numerous positive impacts that being bilingual has on our brain. First of all, knowing two languages helps you process information about the surrounding environment more effectively, meaning you become a faster learner. Next, children who speak a second language typically have much better working memories, compared to monolingual peers. Adults, fret not! Though our working memories are developed early in life and it may be harder to master a new language once we’re grown-up, you can still reap the positive benefits.

      研究人員發現了學習雙語對我們大腦有許***積較影響。***先,了解兩種語言有助于你有效地處理周圍環境的信息,這意味著你學習能力日漸提高。此外,說第二語言的孩子通常比只說一種語言的孩子有***好的記憶力。成年人不要擔心!盡管我們的記憶在未成年時發展******,一旦我們成年可能***難掌握一門新語言,你仍然可以通過學習語言獲得很***其他的好處。

      學習外語有哪些好處?

      2. You Strengthen Your Brain

      2.你鍛煉了大腦功能

      Being fluent in more than one language improves your brain’s functionality by challenging it to operate within different language systems. From a scientific standpoint, switching between different languages triggers the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (the part of the brain responsible for problem-solving, multi-tasking, and focusing on important things while filtering out irrelevant information).

      流利的掌握不止一種語言,可以提高大腦操作不同語言系統的功能。從科學的角度來看,不同的語言之間切換觸發前額葉皮層外側的活動(這部分大腦功能有:解決問題、***任務處理、和***注于重要的事情過濾掉無關的信息)。

      Bilingual people are also better at paying attention to their environment and analyzing it. This skill comes from being able to tell which language is spoken, so that one can quickly switch between different languages.

      雙語掌握者也***好地關注環境并分析它。這個技能來自能夠分辨應該說哪種語言,因此可以在不同的語言之間快速切換。

      3. You Stave Off Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease For a Few Years

      3. 你可以延緩老年癡呆狀

      According to Brian Gold, a neuroscientist at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine in Lexington, knowing two languages can reduce the risks of Alzheimer’s and postpone dementia.

      根據布萊恩(列克星敦市的肯塔基大學某學院的神經學家),了解兩種語言可以降低老年癡呆狀的風險并可能推遲老年癡呆狀的發生。

      When conducting a test with bilingual seniors, researchers discovered they were better at tasks that required them to sort out colors and shapes, when compared to monolingual peers. They also monitored the processes happening inside their brains with a scanner. It turned out that the brains of a monolingual worked much harder to accomplish the task, while the bilingual’s brains were more efficient and could be compared to those of young adults. Having more reserve of brain power when you age can help you stay protected against the losses caused by Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia.

      當雙語老年人進行試驗時,研究人員發現他們顏料和形狀進行分類時,相比單語言掌握者,他們可以***好的完成任務。他們還通過大腦掃描儀監控大腦運作過程。原來掌握一種語言的人在完成任務時大腦工作***吃力。而雙語掌握者的大腦則***有效并且可以相比年輕人。在年輕時保持******的腦力儲備可以幫助你防止阿爾茨海默氏狀引起的損失和其他形式的大腦癡呆。

      4. You Become Better At Building Relationships With Others

      4. 你***善于與他人建立關系

      Apart from the obvious fact that being capable of conversing in different languages makes it easier to create social ties with people around the globe and win attraction more easily, there’s also a more subtle level of impact behind that.

      能夠使用不同的語言交流***容易創建部球的人際關系贏得他人的關注,除了這個顯而易見的原因,背后還有一個***加微妙的影響。

      Susan Ervin-Tripp from the University of California noted in her report, “When we are in situations demanding a change in language, we may have a strong sense of a shift in values and feelings. Some bilinguals even report they have two personalities.” Indeed, a lot of bilinguals admit they feel like having two different personalities for operating one or another language.

      加利福尼亞大學的蘇珊在她的報告中指出:“當我們在******情況下要求改變語言,我們可能有一個強烈的不錯觀和情感的轉變。甚至有一些雙語掌握者承認他們有雙重人格?!钡拇_,很***雙語者承認他們感覺在使用兩種不同的語言時,他們的人格也是有差別的。

      Mainly, this is due to the fact that different languages influence the way we think, from how we choose the vocabulary to describe the world around us to getting influenced by the different cultures you are operating in. Actually, that’s a great thing, as the ability to switch between different languages improves your ability to understand others, be more empathetic, and communicate better; therefore, drastically improving your relationships with others.

      主要是由于不同的語言影響我們的思維方式,從如何選擇詞匯來描述我們周圍的世界到不同文化給你帶來的影響。實際上,這是一件很棒的事情,不同的語言之間切換的能力可以提高理解別人的能力,***善解人意和***好地交流。因此,能大大改善你與他人的關系。

      5. You Have More Career Prospects

      5. 你有******的職業前景

      Having more than one language in your resume can drastically improve your chances of getting hired. In fact, a recent survey proved that bilinguals in the US also tend to earn at least $7.000 more annually compared to monolingual peers with the same kind of work experience. The reason is simple: there are fewer bilinguals to choose from, hence each one has a higher “value”. However, in Canada (a bilingual country), many people speak the two official languages of English and French. They tend to earn 7-8% more than monolingual counterparts.

      在你的簡歷中寫出掌握干過一種語言可以大大提高你的被雇傭的機會。事實上,或近的一項調查證明,相比只掌握一種語言的人,雙語掌握者在美國每年***賺至少7.000美元,。原因很簡單:雙語掌握者數量少,因此每一個掌握雙語的人都有一個***高的“不錯”。然而,在加拿大(雙語國家),很***人說的兩種我方語言:英語和法語。他們往往比單語掌握者***賺7 - 8%。

      6. You Seem To Appear More Attractive

      6. 你***有吸引力

      There’s something special about your friend who’s capable of switching between languages, right? Well, a recent international survey has just confirmed that bilingual people tend to appear more attractive compared to monolinguals. Over 79% of survey respondents from around the globe agreed that a person speaking a second language instantly seems more appealing.

      你那些可以熟練切換兩種語言的朋友似乎有一些***別的地方,對嗎?或近的一項國際調查剛剛證實,掌握雙語的人相比只掌握一種語言的人顯得***有吸引力。來自世界各地的干過79%的受訪者同意,一個可以立即切換到第二種語言的人似乎***有吸引力。

      However, there’s a catch. Only certain languages cast this magical effect. The languages on top of this list are no surprise: French, Italian, Spanish, and English.

      然而,有一個發現。只有某些語言有這種神奇的效果。排名前幾位語言無可爭議:法語、意大利語、西班牙語和英語。

      7. You Become a Better Traveler

      7.你變成一個***好的旅行者

      One of the biggest differences between a traveler and a mere tourist is that the first one is capable of making genuine connections with the locals and getting to know the culture deeper, while the second one simply enjoys a quick and superficial familiarity. Speaking the local language, at least just a few words, will open more doors to you and will help you connect to the locals on a new level.

      旅行者和旅游或大的一個區別僅僅是前者能真正的接觸當地人并***深層次地了解文化,而后者只是快速和膚淺的享受。說當地語言,至少幾句話,將打開******的門,將幫助您與當地人建立***深的了解。

      Obviously, navigating around a foreign land gets much easier. The locals will often make an additional effort for you if you manage to crunch just a few local phrases.

      顯然,在外國旅游業變得容易得***。如果你會幾個當地的短語,當地人通常會***熱情招待你。


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